2022 was the boom year for electric mobility in Europe. Overall, the 27 EU countries +28% of vehicle registrations Electric cars compared to the previous year. It ranges from +158% in Latvia to +32% in Germany and +25% in France. All percentages are preceded by a positive sign. Or rather: all but one. L’ItalyIn fact, it is the only country in the European Union that has seen a decrease in the percentage of new registrations for electric vehicles in 2022: -26.9% over the previous year. A fact that can hide several explanations. Francis Nassaupresident Motus-E – The first Italian association born to support electric mobility – proposes one: “The incentives allocated by Italian governments in recent years have not been very well received – explains Nassau -. There are funds to support electric mobility but we are not able to exploit them ».
How does Ecobonus work?
Government incentives to buy a car are divided into three emission levels. the first (61-135 g CO2 / kmCovers petrol, diesel and hybrid cars. For these vehicles, the government offers a €1,500 bonus if a more polluting vehicle is dumped, with a maximum price of €35,000. the second band (21-60g CO2/kmIncludes plug-in hybrid cars. Here the bonus offered by the government ranges from €4,000 (in case of scrapping) to €2,000 (without scrapping) with a cap of €45,000. Finally, the third band (0-20g CO2/km): bonus from 3,000 to 5,000 euros for electric and hydrogen cars, up to a maximum of 35,000 euros.
In 2022, 170 million euros have been allocated to Petrol and diesel cars They finished in just three weeks. In contrast, 44% of the money for electric cars remained in the state coffers. How do you explain? “First of all, it must be said that Italy is the only major European country that encourages the purchase of endothermic cars, which is already the most important segment of the marketNaso confirms. With regard to electric cars, the problem seems to be the upper price limit set 35 thousand euros, judged too low for the vehicle class. We’ve said it many times to the government and I’ll say it again: it really doesn’t make sense. It is among the lowest borders in Europe », denounces the chief Motus-E.
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In case Company carsThe picture becomes more complicated. Last fall, the government passed that companies that buy electric cars can enjoy 50% of the bonuses offered to ordinary citizens. A number considered too low by the business world, which has largely ignored incentives. “electrification corporate fleets It is essential, because it allows many people to have direct contact with the technology, ”explains Naso. Not only that: the other big advantage of the company’s cars is that they often come back after a few years Second hand market, which helps lower the prices of new electric cars. “We believe that in the case of companies, the best solution is to act on them Tax deduction in lieu of the purchase price. Other European countries are already doing this,” adds Motus-E. Even in the case of heavy vehicles, incentives seem to prove somewhat ineffective. to me Electric trucksItaly offers a reward of 12,000 euros. while in GermanyFor example, the state gives an incentive equal to 80% of the cost difference between an electric vehicle and a diesel vehicle.
Another typical Italian factor is also hampering the electric mobility market: i Bureaucratic times. Incentives for private charging stations were announced in October. 5 months have passed and we still do not know when they will arrive and how they will operate, ”explains Francesco Naso. The same goes for incentives Vehicle modifications, that is, the possibility of converting the car into an electric vehicle thanks to a special kit. “It is a solution that is destined to grow in the coming years,” Motus-E President assures. There’s just one problem: the platform for access to incentives is rolling out in February 2023 and beyond website page It says that the boxes are only valid until December 2022… ». According to trade associations, all of these hurdles do nothing but discouraging investors. “Car manufacturers cannot do careful planning in Italy and end up focusing on other markets. It is also for this reason that almost everyone in Europe does a better job than we do,” Nassau insists.
Pnrr funds are at risk
Finally, the final caveat concerns money for charging infrastructure. With Pnrr, theEuropean Union It provided 710 million euros to build a network of it 21 thousand columns, making us one of the most advanced European countries on this front. However, Motus-E highlights two problems: le Deadlines are very short and holding tenders. “the competition areas It is very big. The contract is awarded to those who can guarantee the minimum number of freight points envisaged in the bid, but often this number is too high, especially for small operators, ”explains Naso. On the other hand, the second node relates to the time scales imposed by Brussels, which are often inconsistent withauthorization process Which is required in Italy, since it is the local administrations that give the green light to these infrastructures. The danger, Motus-E deplores, is that you miss a train that will probably never pass again. “Not taking advantage of this opportunity would be criminal,” Nassau continues. We have already reported to the last government what we think is not working. The executive branch has all the tools to intervene, but so far everything has remained the same.
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