December 1, 2021

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Who is Emily Carr, the pioneer of modern art in Canada?

Emily Carr, one of Canada’s leading artists and writers, is the life and work of the pioneer of modern Canadian art. Renowned for his paintings of nature and indigenous culture

Emily Carr, Autumn in France, 1911. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa

Emily Carr Born December 13, 1871 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. His artistic career spanned three major periods. The first period began in 1890 when he went to San Francisco to study art at the California School of Design. Three years later economic problems brought her back to Victoria. Six years later, her interest in learning led her to Europe in 1899, this time at the Westminster School of Art in London. There he enrolled in life drawing courses and improved his technique.
The school’s traditional and conservative education deceived her He left the company two years later. During this period he painted mostly landscapes in the traditional English style and studied images of the indigenous peoples of the West Coast.

Emily Carr, self-portrait, 1938 39. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
Emily Carr, self-portrait, 1938 39. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa

Emily Carr returned to Canada from France

Emily Carr’s second artistic career began in 1910, when she went to study in France, the capital of the art world. There He knows post-Impressionism and Favism. As a result of the French experience, vivid colors and strong brushes appear in his works. In 1911, two of his paintings were exhibited in the works of the best artists of his time at the Salon d’Automne in Paris.
Returning to Canada in 1912, he exhibited works made in France at his studio in Vancouver. However, his works did not have a good impact on the conservative society of the time. The car then embarks on a six-week voyage north and east of British Columbia, destroying the West Coast totem poles. In 1913 he exhibited design in Vancouver and gave a lecture to explain it to the public, but neither his style nor his subject received proper attention.

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Emily Carr, Bretton Church, 1906. Vancouver Art Gallery
Emily Carr, Bretton Church, 1906. Vancouver Art Gallery

The success of Emily Carr and the team of seven

Proper recognition came after this disappointing period: in 1927 his work caught the attention of Eric Brown, director of the National Gallery of Canada, who, after visiting his studio, selected some works for a group exhibition with some of the most important Canadian artists. Era.
It was on this occasion that he met the “Group of Seven”: in those years Canada became an independent country from a colony, so Canadian artists wanted Create something different from European art in style and subjects. The “Group of Seven” is the name of a group of seven painters gathered in Ontario to paint Canadian landscapes in a modern style. Luis Tesoto notices Emily Carr (2008), Lauren Harris’ works impressed the car, and Harris claimed that his paintings were actually captured instead of the car. “The spirit of Canada“. He wrote:”I feel like nothing like this has ever been done in Canada … The feeling, the feel, the design of these works, the way it is mastered, something very different and the British Columbia coast, reveals so much of his soul. More than you think“.

Emily Carr’s Last Years and Writer’s Eblock

As Lisa Baldichera recalls Emily Carr: Life and work (2015), Carr exhibited his work with “The Group of Seven” in 1930 and 1931, and was included in group exhibitions.At the Tate Gallery in London in 1938 and at the Universal Exhibition in New York in 1939”.
In the late 1930s, the artist’s health problems shifted his focus From painting to writing. He died in Victoria in 1945 before earning an honorary doctorate in literature at the University of British Columbia. Seven years after his death, in 1952, he was one of Canada’s delegates to the Venice Finals.

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Emily Carr, Blunton Harbor, 1930. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
Emily Carr, Blunton Harbor, 1930. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa

Emily Carr Cum Icona

According to many scholars, such as DeSoto (2008) and Shadbolt (2013), Emily Carr represents an icon. Not only its success in art, but also its violation of the socio-cultural and artistic rules of its time creates it. In his personal life he preferred art to marriage, and as an artist, instead of painting flowers and children (like most painters of his time), he painted landscapes and personal images with rough brushes and bright colors, which was unusual. The most courageous artists of his time.
Today, Carr’s home in Victoria is a museum, and the Vancouver Art Gallery and the British Columbia Archive hold the largest archives of his work.

– Mohsen Weiss