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How much are they and how much do they weigh on the pockets of motorists?

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There are 19 tax levies that affect the price of fuel, which along with higher oil prices raise the prices of petrol, diesel, LPG and CNG to unknown levels. What do they finance? We explain it in detail

Andrea Tartalia


March 12

– Milan

Gasoline fuels are getting more and more expensive for motorists, who are paying the price for escalating oil and natural gas prices due to international tensions. For cars that run on petrol, diesel, LPG and methane, there are also taxes, value-added tax, and excise duties that are a large percentage of the prices at the pump. Fuel taxes have always been a controversial and debated issue, which affects anyone who owns a car. He hated the Zellis so much that they are the preferred target of motorists, but it is also a topic commonly associated with election campaigns, often seasoned with promises — unfulfilled — of cuts or outright cancellation. However, the reality is that the excise duty resists electoral advertising because it guarantees basic revenue to the public treasury. And this, in price composition The final, which motorists pay entirely, is a very large part.

What are the exceptional fuel charges?

The term excise tax refers to a tax on the manufacture and sale of consumer products. Those levied on fuel are taxes levied on gasoline, diesel, LPG, and methane used for automobiles that are introduced to meet monetary needs that are not necessarily related to the world of petroleum products. This is not exclusively Italian, of course, because they are found all over the world, especially in non-oil producing countries. These are taxes that have been imposed to deal with emergencies such as earthquakes and crises such as migration from Libya or to fund international peacekeeping missions and government measures such as the “Save Italy” decree of 2011. There are also ‘Excise tax on the Ethiopia war From 1935-1936, it was first introduced in Italy and is still technically active. There is no longer a reason for most fuel taxes to exist, because the reasons they were needed have lapsed: the war in Ethiopia is long over, international crises have largely prevailed as well as the state of emergency. Natural disasters have occurred for decades. However, excise duties on fuel in Italy still apply, and since 1995 they have been combined into a single, undifferentiated excise tax with no further references to the original causes, a requirement that makes it impossible even to selectively cancel some of them.

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How much is the fuel fee?

The story is so far, but today what is the value of the fuel taxes to the state? To answer the question, there are three different factors to consider: the numerous tolls introduced between 1936 and the choice to differentiate between excise duties according to fuel type. Next, it must be added that – in addition to the production fee – a value-added tax of 22% is also charged on fuel, which is calculated not only on the net price, but also on exorbitant taxes. So it is a tax on taxes. The value of the fuel tax fee is determined by the Excise, Customs and Monopoly Agency, which was created and one of the tax agencies that carry out operational technical activities as soon as the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance. The 2022 tax fee amounts are those specified in the agency document, varying by fuel type:

  • Gasoline: 728.40 euros per 1,000 liters.
  • Diesel: 617.40 euros per 1000 liters;
  • LPG: 138.72 per 1000 liters (conversion of 520 kg/m3);
  • Methane: €4.93 per 1000 kg (apply 1.49 kg/m3) conversion.

Tax revenue from excise duties estimated for 2021 is up to 23.6 billion euros, down from 26 billion reached in 2017 – when the effects of the pandemic that reduced fuel consumption were felt – to which forfeited value-added tax revenues must be added. Gluttonous public money. It’s hard to think of lowering the tax burden.

19 Extraordinary Duties

There are 19 fuel tax levies that weigh heavily on Italian motorists’ pockets. To this must be added a value-added tax of 22%, which makes up 64% of the total price of the fuel. Use of this tool has seen an acceleration over the years: in sixty years – between 1936 and 1966 – nine taxes were introduced, and the other ten in just ten years, between 2004 and 2014. 2011 Four taxes were introduced. Here is the full list of excise duties on fuel in Italy: 1) financing of the war in Ethiopia (1935-1936) – 0.000981 euros; 2) Financing of the Suez Crisis (1953) – 0.00723 euros. 3) Reconstruction of the Vagont River after the disaster (1963) – 0.00516 euros; 4) Reconstruction of Florence after the flood (1966) – 0.00516 euros; 5) Reconstruction of Peles after the earthquake (1968) – 0.00516 euros; 6) Post-earthquake reconstruction in Friuli (1976) – 0.00511 euros; 7) Post-earthquake reconstruction in Irbinia (1980) – 0.0387 euros; 8) Funding of the United Nations Mission in Lebanon (1982-1983): 0.106 euros; 9) Funding of the United Nations Mission in Bosnia (1996) – 0.0114 euros; 10) autoferrotranvieri contract renewal (2004) – 0.020 euros; 11) purchase of eco-buses (2005) – 0.005 euros; 12) Reconstruction of L’Aquila after the earthquake (2009) – 0.0051 euros; 13) Culture Finance (2011) – 0.0071; 14) Financing of the Libyan migration crisis (2011) – 0.040 euros. 15) Reconstruction after the floods in Tuscany and Liguria (2011) – 0.0089 euros; 16) Financing of the “Salva Italia” decree (2011) – 0.082 euros; 17) Reconstruction of Emilia after the earthquake (2012) – 0.024 euros; 18) Financing “Director’s Bonus” (2014) – 0.005 euros; 19) Financing the “Fare Ordinance” (2014) – 0.0024.

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There are no excessive charges for electricity for self-checkout

If motorists driving heat or hybrid cars are affected by the fuel tax surcharge, the same cannot be said for those who have opted for electric mobility. At the moment, in fact, there is no surcharge on electricity taken from the grid and used to recharge a zero-emissions car, net of depreciation charges paid by any user. Some rumors of a selective tax on electricity for car use have circulated several times, and we will continue to monitor this possibility.

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