China's population continues to decline for the second year in a row. Births in the People's Republic are becoming fewer and fewer. Data from the National Bureau of Statistics speak of a population of around 1.409 billion people at the end of 2023 (a figure that does not include the population of Hong Kong, Macau and obviously also Taiwan), a decrease of 2.08 million compared to last year. The year 2022 was the year of the first population decline in 60 years for the Asian giant. In 2023, 9.02 million babies were born in Dragon (6.39 births per thousand people), compared to 9.56 million in 2022. The number of deaths rose from 10.41 million to 11.1 million, possibly also due to the coronavirus pandemic.
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The effects of the one-child policy are increasingly evident, despite the abandonment of birth control measures due to worrying demographic trends. Experts say that among the reasons, we must take into account the cost of living and the tendency of young people to marry less and less. Last year, India overtook China as the most populous country in the world.
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