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“Biological weapons laboratories in Ukraine”, Russia’s allegations and cooperation with the United States and Canada. Where are the structures and what are the rules

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We do not know if anyone in the world reads, organizes or plans terrorist attacks using biological weapons. Primarily, Because in theory no country in the world should have the intention of putting an end to mankind. Then why Not all laboratories in the world have an official census or map – or Europe working with pathogens that can be used as biological weapons. With due respect to the conspiracy theorists. “In no country, at least officially, is there a laboratory for this purpose”, Massimo Sikkosi, Head of the Medical Statistics and Epidemiology Division of the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery of the Rome Bio-Medico Campus. “If this kind of laboratory were anywhere in the world, it certainly would not be public information.”

However, such allegations come up from time to time. Almost always without any foundation and the result of millions (sometimes billions) of times on the web launched and fake news. Finally according to it The Russia It is said to have attacked Ukraine, targeting a network of US-owned biological weapons laboratories. A hoax, the latter, travels at an incredible pace on No Vax’s social profiles. A spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry presided this morning Sergei Lavrov, Said the United States is carrying out organic projects in Ukraine. Significantly, Moscow says it has seen documents supporting the US complaint Elements of biological weapons Near the border between Ukraine and Russia. The official denial of the United States was of no avail.

This does not mean that Ukraine does not run any microbiological laboratories. Like all other countries in the world, we study and research pathogens in Ukraine. According to a report released following a seminar in 2012 (High-Controlled Biological Laboratories on “Life Saving Challenges of Global Expansion”) There are about 4 thousand microbiological laboratories in Ukraine. But only two are allowed to work with “first-degree” pathogens, the most dangerous, and 402 with “secondary” pathogens. The two laboratories that work with “first-rate” agents are not classified as BLS-4, which is an acronym that identifies itself internationally. Maximum safety labs Where you work with the most infectious and deadly germs, Such as Ebola or smallpox. One of the laboratories in Ukraine, which works with “first-degree” pathogens, received a positive feedback in 2012 that it is classified as a BSL-3 laboratory, where dangerous microorganisms such as Mycobacterium often spread through the air. Tuberculosis, some. Influenza viruses and corona viruses of SARS, MERS and Covid-19. It is the “Ukrainian II Mechnikov Anti-Plague Research Institute” of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. The laboratory was rebuilt and upgraded to BSL-3 by a cooperation agreement between the US Department of Defense and the Ukrainian Ministry of Health, which began in 2005. Apparently known contract.

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The collaboration focuses on preventing the spread of technologies, pathogens and knowledge used to develop biological weapons.“, According to Ukrainian regulations, the laboratory is licensed to operate Bacteria and both primary and secondary viruses. The second laboratory, the Ukrainian II Mechnikov Anti-Plague Research Institute of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, has permission to work with layer 1 microorganisms, but has not been upgraded to BSL-3. This lab works only with particularly dangerous bacterial infections. The third laboratory to be upgraded to BSL-3 status belongs to the Central Health Epidemiology Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. The laboratory is constantly being updated in collaboration with the United States. It is licensed to work with secondary microbes and is intended to work with particularly dangerous infections. According to information received from the Central Government Commission, the main authority responsible for the registration of microbiological laboratories in Ukraine, 402 laboratories are licensed to work with secondary microorganisms, 37 are under the Ministry of Health. Of these 37 laboratories, 6 belong to research institutes, so their main objectives are scientific research, 31 laboratories belong to the Health Epidemiology Service of Ukraine and are responsible for epidemiological and diagnostic investigations. Three hundred and sixty-two laboratories licensed to work with secondary microorganisms are subordinated to the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of Ukraine. The agreement with the United States also includes measures related to the training of laboratory staff. On the other hand, with the cooperation of Canada, a Lifeguard Training Center in Odessa It operates as part of the Ukrainian II Mechnikov Anti-Plague Research Institute.

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BSL-4 labs, with the highest security, are the fewest in the world, at least officially. Nothing in Ukraine, but in Russia. A large study conducted by bacteriological warfare and international defense experts examined 59 of them. These structures are widespread in Europe, North America, Asia, Australia and three African countries: Gabon, Ivory Coast, and South Africa. Well known laboratory in Wuhan. The interest in this type of laboratory is very recent: of the 42 BSL-4 facilities known for design data, at least half were built in the last decade. There are many doubts about the safety of these structures. According to Global Health Care Code, Less than a quarter of the countries with the highest biological risk operating laboratories have “high” levels of biosecurity readiness. One-third, including China, have “middle” levels, while 41% have “low” levels similar to those in South Africa. Still, accidents do happen.

A recent report from the U.S. Department of Health reveals that in 2019, 219 times as many toxins and other hazardous substances were accidentally released. All of this forced at least a thousand people to undergo a medical examination and take vaccines. U.S. surveillance has greatly increased since the 2001 anthrax crisis, when the bacterium was stolen from a military laboratory, killing five people. In China, however, a bacterial leak from a vaccine plant in November 2019 infected 6,000 people with brucellosis, a bacterial disease with flu-like symptoms. There is no 100 to 100 safe BSL-3 or BSL-4 laboratory.Although an accident can always occur due to technical errors within the laboratory, an accident can always occur“, He says Massimo Gully, Former Chief Physician of Sacco Hospital and full professor at Milan State University. Sacco Hospital in Milan offers one of two Italian BSL-4s (the other is located in Spallanzani, Rome). “They are secure structures, of course,” Gully explains. “But I believe that no laboratory, even with maximum safety, can be sure that it will withstand all conditions.” For example, like a bomb. A pathogen in a laboratory with only scientific purposes can, in this case, become a biological weapon.

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