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The political rivalry between the two generals at the helm of the Sovereignty Council — the civilian-military body that was at the helm of the country after the coups in 2019 and 2021 — has plunged Sudan into chaos. Clashes and violence have been going on for more than a week and have also spread from the capital, Khartoum, to other cities. On top of the main sides Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan And the pro-Russian vice president Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo. In the field, on the one hand, are the paramilitary forces of the Rapid Support Forces, led by Dagalo and numbering about 100,000 men, and on the other hand, the army, led by President Al-Burhan. Shooting, airstrikes and armored personnel carriers continued for days.
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But when did the civil war start? The first clashes date back to April 15, when the rivalry between the two generals exploded. Dagalo commands the RDF, made up mainly of the Arab “Janjaweed” militia, “devils on horseback”). They are close to the pro-Russian Wagner mercenaries fighting in Ukraine.
Years ago, Al-Burhan and Daglo were allies: in 2019 they led the coup against former president and dictator Omar Al-Bashir, who was overthrown after thirty years in government. The next step was the transitional government, which was supposed to lead to democratic elections. But it turned out differently. Indeed, in 2021, the transitional government was toppled, and Dagalo and Al-Burhan were replaced by the Sovereignty Council’s military coalition. An alliance, however, was always in the balance and had a very short life.
Towards the end of 2022, the bright cracks are starting to show. In fact, the government army agreed to resume the path of democratization. The request was to integrate the RSF into the army, to form a single military corps within a maximum of two years. Dagalo’s proposal was different: He wanted a decidedly slower integration process, which could have dragged on for up to 10 years. From that moment on, the struggle for power began, which resulted in an armed confrontation.
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